Utility of Doppler parameters at 36–42 weeks’ gestation in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes in appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses
J Ultrason 2018; 18: 22–28
DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2018.0004
ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the potential value of Doppler ultrasound and to assess cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome defined as Apgar score < 7 at 1 minute. Material and methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study in selected pregnant women undergoing an ultrasound examination between 36 and 42 weeks of gestation. We measured estimated fetal weight (EFW), mean umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA PI), mean middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI), CPR, and Apgar score in 1 minute. Multiples of medians (MoM) were calculated for MCA PI and UA PI. Results: The study group consisted of 446 women, 236 were primipara and 210 were multipara. The average age was 29.6 years (range 16–46 years). The average week of delivery is 39.5 weeks of gestation (range 36–42). Mean MCA PI and UA PI were 1.3 (0.1–2.45) and 0.8 (0.39–1.66), respectively. The mean values were 1.03 (0.1–1.9) for MCA PI MoM and 1.04 (0.5–2.1) for UA PI MoM. Primiparas had lower values of MCA PI (1.27 vs. 1.34), MCA PI MoM (1.00 vs. 1.05), CPR (1.62 vs. 1.73), EFW (3479.53 g vs. 3579.25 g) and birth weight (3513.50 g vs. 3617.79 g). For CPR cut-off point of 1.08: sensitivity was (0.945), specificity 0.1, positive predictive values 0.979, negative predictive values 0.04 and accuracy 0.926. The ROC curves for CPR were: area under the curve was 0.52 at CI 95% (0.342–0.698), p = 0.8271. Conclusion: Screening in pregnancies with appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses at 36–42 weeks of gestation using Doppler parameters is not useful in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes like an Apgar score < 7 at 1 minute.

Key words: third trimester screening, middle cerebral artery Doppler, umbilical artery Doppler, appropriate-forgestational- age