Transcutaneous B-mode ultrasound (TUS) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) pattern of mediastinal tumors: a pictorial essay

Ehsan Safai Zadeh1, Christoph Frank Dietrich2, Corinna Trenker3, Amjad Alhayri1, Christian Görg1

Affiliation and address for correspondence
J Ultrason 2021; 21: e340–e347
DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2021.0056
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Sound reflection from bony structures and from air-filled lung parenchyma limits transcutaneous B-mode thoracic ultrasound of the mediastinum. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the thorax are the primary overview imaging modalities for mediastinal pathologies. However, pathological processes originating from the mediastinum can be sonographically visualized and evaluated in the presence of displacing or infiltrative growth. The aim of this pictorial essay is to demonstrate contrast-enhanced ultrasound as a method complementing B-mode ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of mediastinal tumors, taking into account the clinical background. The characteristic perfusion patterns of mediastinal pathology are presented.

mediastinal tumors, ultrasound, CEUS, perfusion pattern, diagnosis