Is there a correlation between the femoral anteversion angle and the elasticity of the hip muscles in cases of intoeing gait due to increased femoral anteversion angle?

Furkan Ertürk Urfali1,2, Sermin Tok2, Sabit Numan Kuyubaşi3, Sermet İnal3, Mehmet Korkmaz1

Affiliation and address for correspondence
J Ultrason 2022; 22: e28–e32.
DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2022.0005
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Purpose: One of the common causes of gait disturbance in children is increased femoral anteversion. There are not enough publications in the literature on muscles related to the hip joint in increased femoral anteversion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the femoral anteversion angle and hip muscle elasticity in children walking inward, using shear wave elastography (SWE). Material and methods: Seventeen children with bilateral increased femoral anteversion angle in computed tomography were prospectively included in this study. Elasticity values of the hip muscles (adductor magnus (adductor), iliopsoas (flexor), gluteus medius (abductor), gluteus maximus (extensor) muscles) were evaluated by ultrasound elastography by two observers. Quantitative measurements of the shear wave velocities were performed using virtual touch tissue imaging quantification. Results: There was excellent harmony between the femoral anteversion angle measurements performed by the two observers and a good congruence between the muscle elastography evaluations. While there was a moderate significant correlation between the femoral anteversion angle and the elasticity values of the iliopsoas and adductor magnus muscles, no significant correlation was found with other muscle elasticity measurements. Conclusion: Iliopsoas muscle and adductor magnus muscle elasticity are correlated with the femoral anteversion angle. With further studies, we think that physical therapy methods for the elasticity of the muscles associated with the femoral anteversion angle can reduce the complaints of the patients.

computed tomography; shear wave elastography; femoral anteversion; femoral anteversion angle; hip muscles